Number of pages: 166

Format: PDF

Publication language: Russian, English

Year of publication: 2011


Glossary on Migration

Number of pages: 118

Format: PDF

Publication language: English

Year of publication: 2011


United Nations Country Team in Kazakhstan

Number of pages: 5

Format: PDF

Publication language: Kazakh, English, Russian

Year of publication: 2014


Handbook on human trafficking definition, identification of victims of human trafficking, protection of victims and prosecution of traffickers

IOM Kazakhstan is pleased to bring to your attention the handbook on definition of human trafficking, identification of victims of human trafficking, protection of victims and prosecution of traffickers. The purpose of the handbook is to provide the most important information on identification of trafficking cases, protection and assistance to victims of trafficking and investigation of the crimes related to human trafficking.

The brochure was created to support those who work directly with victims of trafficking and provide services to victims of trafficking. Recommendations are made on how to work with victims of trafficking and how to discuss human trafficking issues, based on the principles of respect and protection of human rights, and also the observance of the relevant legislation.

The brochure is published within the "Central Asia Counter-Trafficking Project" financially supported by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID).

Number of pages: 19

Format: PDF

Publication language: Russian, English

Year of publication: 2014


Compendium of the international and national documents on combating trafficking in persons

IOM Kazakhstan is pleased to bring to your attention the compendium of the international and national documents on combating trafficking in persons. The compendium is devoted to the fight against human trafficking and contains the international documents on fight against human trafficking, and it also includes excerpts from the national legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan (as of October, 2010).

The compendium was created to address the needs of law enforcement officers, prosecutor's office, the judicial case, and also representatives of non-governmental and international organizations.

The document is published within the project “Capacity building of Judges and Prosecutors on Combating Trafficking in Persons in the Republic of Kazakhstan" financially supported by the United States Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL) of the US Embassy in the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Number of pages: 174

Format: PDF

Publication language: Russian, Kazakh

Year of publication: 2010


Special Report “On situation with migrants’ rights in the Republic of Kazakhstan”

Description: This publication has been prepared by the Human Rights Commission under the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan with support of IOM in Kazakhstan.
The Special Report was developed based on the methodology for assessing migrant rights situation by analyzing existing migration policy and legislation, gathering comparable data on the wide range of migration. The report adopted a combination of different research methods for its impact analysis, including a cross country analysis, cases studies. More qualitative methods focused on the access of migrants to services and other basic human rights.

The report contains a comparative assessment of the situation of migrant workers’ rights beginning from the time when Kazakhstan won independence up until the present time. It determines current problems in the area of migration relations, identifies key problems in protection of rights of migrant workers and ways for solving them.
The report published within the project “Fostering of the national policies on protection of migrants´ rights and the capacity of the national counterparts in migration policy implementation in Kazakhstan” supported by the IOM Development Fund. Overall objective of the project is to contribute to the development of rights-based migration management mechanisms in the Republic of Kazakhstan, with the overall aim of strengthening the migrants´ rights protection and the monitoring of migrants’ rights in the country.  IOM in cooperation with  the Human Rights Commission under the President RK have been cooperating together  to develop a Special Report on Migrants’ Rights assessing migrants´ rights in Kazakhstan vis-à-vis international commitments of the state.

Number of pages: 150
Format: Electronic copy
Language of Publication: English; Kazakh
Year of Publication: 2013


IOM  in Kazakhstan publishes study on access of migrant workers  to social services

IOM mission to Kazakhstan  study titled ”Access of Migrant Workers from Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan to social services in Kazakhstan” presented the results of the survey  conducted in seven  regions of the country.
According to presented information, survey recognized the situation with access to the main social services for migrants including ratio of challenges and needs towards target group;  measures that should be strengthened and/or developed to improve the situation with  access to social services for migrants; the ways for social integration  of migrants. The results of the research were presented to the main public authorities involved in the migration management  for further developing the national policy on migration. Upon the recommendations of the survey IOM developed the leaflets for migrant workers and organized the information actions among the irregular migrants from Central Asia on the regular basis.
The study  is published within  the Central Asia Regional Migration Programme . The programme is implemented by IOM in cooperation with UN Women, the World Bank and is supported by the UK AID.


IOM in cooperation with the Ministry of Interior published the posters on the main rights and obligation of foreigners in the Republic of Kazakhstan


Access of Migrant Workers from Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan to social services in Kazakhstan 

IOM in Kazakhstan published a study migrants' access to social services in Kazakhstan. The subject of this study is to evaluate the level of access of migrant workers from Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan to fundamental social services launched on an institutional level. The object of this study is migrant workers from Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan at the age of 14 and over, involved in raw, manufacturing and industrial sectors of economy and the area of services. Overall, 240 migrant workers in Astana, Almaty, Aktobe and Shymkent were
surveyed. The study over access of migrant workers from Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan to social services in Kazakhstan was conducted within the framework of Regional Programme on migration in Central Asia and supported by UK Government.


Handbook on Establishing Effective Labour Migration Policies in Countries of Origin and Destination

We are pleased to present this first international Handbook on Establishing Effective Labour Migration Policies in Countries of Origin and of Destination, jointly produced by the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), International Organization for Migration (IOM) and the International Labour Office (ILO).




Manual on Care, Rehabilitation, Recovery and Reintegration of Victims of Trafficking in Human Beings for the Kyrgyz Republic

Manual on Care, Rehabilitation, Recovery and Reintegration of Victims of Trafficking in Human Beings for the Kyrgyz Republic Trafficking in persons (Human trafficking) – The recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring, or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Victim of human trafficking – an individual who is a victim of the crime of trafficking in persons. Exploitation – the act of taking advantage of something or someone, in particular the act of taking unjust advantage of another for one’s own benefit (e.g. sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs). In cooperation with partner NGOs, IOM Bishkek renders aid to individuals, who have become victims of human trafficking. IOM provides practical aid including assistance through return from abroad, professional consultations, medical, legal, psychological, and reintegration aid.

Ainura's Dream

Written by Marinka Franulovic and illustrated by Doriana Berkovic When a young Kyrgyz woman Ainura accepts an offer of work at a bazaar in a neighboring country, she is convinced the job will bring her a better future. However, Ainura’s passport is taken from her and she is forced to work long hours on a tobacco plantation for no salary. She discovers she has been sold as a slave and wonders if she will ever get free again. Take a journey with Ainura, learn about modern slavery and how to stay safe from human trafficking. The Ainura’s Dream is an anti-trafficking book for children. IOM Bishkek supported the book in Kyrgyz and Russian languages. The book will become a part of curriculum for schools in the Kyrgyz Republic and it will be distributed through the anti-trafficking NGO network to the vulnerable youth as part of an anti-trafficking awareness building campaign.

The project is financed by the Government of Norway.

Role of NGOs in Counter Trafficking in the Kyrgyz Republic

Since beginning its work in Kyrgyzstan, IOM has assisted non-governmental organizations (NGOs) through educational programs focusing on institutional and organizational management, by organization of intersectional coordination, and with financial support for migration management projects. NGOs play a key role in IOM activities. All IOM projects involving direct work with the public are implemented by partner NGOs. Since 2002, in order to consolidate and raise the potential of migration NGOs, IOM has worked on building an NGO network; already, this network includes 35 regular members and covers all regions of the country. IOM Kyrgyzstan in cooperation with the NGO network carries out programs on counter-trafficking and provides legal and other assistance to forced, ethnic, returning, ecologic and other categories of migrants. The Regional Center on Migration and Refugees, with financial support from IOM, conducted an independent, wide-ranging evaluation of the NGO network in the Kyrgyz Republic working in the area of counter-trafficking. The purpose of the research was to investigate the history of network development, the particularities of its functioning, and the needs and outlook for future development.

Two Kyrgyz Women

The book Two Kyrgyz Women, recently published by IOM and an NGO, awakens our empathy to moral purpose and our love of stories to familiarize us with the real-life experiences of two Kyrgyz women, both victims of trafficking. This book will not leave you empty-handed or devoid of real explanations of the subject. It objectively delineates facts in which trafficking in persons manifests within and across Kyrgyz borders. The book will also give you valuable insight into Kyrgyz life, family values, traditions, hopes and fears.

Note: If you want to order more books Two Kyrgyz Women, please contact International Organization for Migration (IOM)

Phones: +7-7172-790-345/46/47/48

E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The book is for sale. All income from the sales of the book Two Kyrgyz Women, IOM will use to help victims of human trafficking in the Kyrgyz Republic.

It is also available for download at

 Fertile Fields: Trafficking in Persons in Central Asia

The title of this report comes from a conversation during a journey through Uzbekistan from Tashkent to Samarkand in the high summer. Fertile, but uncultivated Jand stretched for kilometers on either side of the road, and few gardens alongside the houses we passed had vegetable plots or fruit trees. This struck me as odd, given both the range and quality of fruit and vegetables in local markets and what I had seen on other journeys through rural hinterlands, including in Ethiopia, where the high temperatures and limited water supply are surely comparable to those in Central Asia. At the approach to and/or exit from each of the towns we passed through stood groups of rather desperate-looking men and some women - these were what are known in the region as informal 'labor markets". The phrase "fertile fields" somehow connected the under-used land, unemployed adults with no sustainable livelihood and the potential for trafficking and exploitation. As the report has taken shape, the phrase has also come to represent the multiple ways in which the history and current context of the region shape a context in which trafficking in persons can flourish. This study would not have been possible without the hard work and contributions of a large number of individuals. The data collection and visits to the region involved considerable input from the five country researchers and the staff of the IOM offices in the region and in Geneva. Particular thanks are due to Livia Vedrasco in the IOM Technical Cooperation Centre for Europe and Central Asia in Vienna who undertook the unenviable tasks of coordination and management of the project and edited the final draft. The staff in CWASU also made contributions, Linda Regan and Lorna Kennedy coded and consolidated interviews, Jo Lovett followed up missing references and edited drafts, and Stephanie Rucker-Andrews sought out much of the data used in Chapter J. Corinna Seith took responsibility for recording notes and interviews during the research visit to Central Asia.

 Analysis of Institutional and Legal Frameworks and Overview of Cooperation Patterns in the Field of Counter-Trafficking in Eastern Europe and Central Asia (Research Report November 2003)

Despite the fact that public awareness of and concern over trafficking in persons has grown considerably over the past number of years, the knowledge base is still relatively weak. According to Kelly (2003), research on trafficking has not moved much beyond mapping the problem and reviews of legal frameworks and policy, but the need for information to feed into policy debates is pressing. As regards the EECA countries, there is a lack of information on the existing national mechanisms used by the governments to combat trafficking, however limited their reach and extent may be. Most reports, including those produced by IOM, offer a pragmatic overview of the phenomenon, on policy responses and existing lacunae in measures and legislation, although they do not offer a pragmatic overview of the phenomenon, on policy responses and existing lacunae in measures and legislation, although they do not offer a through analysis on the root causes of trafficking, an area which is needs to be analyzed further and addressed through preventive action. The American Bar Association (ABA) has done a recent assessment of the legal framework in place in the countries involved, but this did not focus in any particular detail on the governmental mechanisms and policy responses (ABA/CEELI, 2003).This report's focus is on the analysis of institutional and legal frameworks in place to combat trafficking and an overview of cooperation patterns in the EECA region and beyond. The IOM research project in the 12 EECA countries ultimately seeks to serve as a tool for the enhancement of both IOM's and national governments' counter-trafficking activities in the region.

Trafficking in women and children in the Kyrgyz Republic

Trafficking in Women and Children in the Kyrgyz Republic (November, 2000): Trafficking in human beings is a global problem that undermines legal immigration regimes and the rule of law. Human trafficking also violates the fundamental human rights of individuals and provides huge profits for criminal groups. World governments, with the assistance of international organizations, are introducing new legislation and concrete measures to improve border controls, combat organized crime and protect victims.

The International Organization for Migration (IOM) and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) are at the forefront in raising awareness of human trafficking worldwide. IOM and OSCE field missions are actively involved in anti-trafficking initiatives. There has been very little reliable information on human trafficking in Central Asia, especially in the Kyrgyz Republic. IOM and the OSCE/ODIHR agreed to jointly fund a statistical research project. The primary goal of the research was to estimate the incidence of and the potential for human trafficking transiting through and from the Kyrgyz Republic. It was the objective of this research to contribute to a deeper understanding of the phenomenon of human trafficking.

The findings of this research will be used to support the development of effective legislation measures and policies to combat trafficking. Training information campaigns and related projects to assist and protect victims of trafficking will also be a major result of this research. The findings of this study should be viewed as a preliminary indication of the current situation. The research project “Trafficking in Women and Children from the Kyrgyz Republic” (November 2000) reflects the in-depth facts and figures of human trafficking in this part of the world.

Internal Migration in the Kyrgyz Republic

Workbook on trafficking crimes solving